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Vaccine. 2009 Jan 7;27(2):270-9. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2008.10.053. Epub 2008 Nov 7.

The antigen-specific memory CD8+ T-cell response induced by BCG in cattle resides in the CD8+gamma/deltaTCR-CD45RO+ T-cell population.

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Institute for Animal Health, Compton, Nr. Newbury, Berkshire RG20 7NN, UK.


Tuberculosis (TB) remains a worldwide leading cause of death among infectious diseases. Development of safer and more efficacious vaccines requires a basic understanding of the protective mechanisms induced by BCG. Here we show that vaccination of cattle with BCG induces CD8+gamma/deltaTCR-CD45RO+ T-cells that can produce IFN-gamma, up-regulate transcription and expression of perforin, lyse BCG-infected monocyte-derived macrophages (MoMvarphi) and contribute to a reduction in the number of intracellular mycobacteria. We also observed BCG-induced CD8+ responses in vivo. After infection of cattle with Mycobacterium bovis, CD8+gamma/deltaTCR-CD45RO+ cells responded more strongly to M. bovis-infected MoMvarphi than to BCG-infected MoMvarphi. These results indicate that the antigen-specific CD8+ memory response resides in the CD8+gamma/deltaTCR-CD45RO+ cell population.

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