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Connect Tissue Res. 2008;49(5):361-6. doi: 10.1080/03008200802325292.

Characterization of mandibular bones in senile osteoporotic mice.

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Department of Oral Rehabilitation, Fukuoka Dental College, Fukuoka, Japan.


At present, little is known about the age-related changes in jaw bones. The aim of this study was to characterize the mandibles of 6 month-old senile osteoporotic mice, SAMP6, and compare with those of age-matched controls, SAMR1. In comparison to SAMR1, SAMP6 showed thinner cortical bone, lower bone volume, and poorly organized collagen matrix. The collagen fibril diameter in SAMP6 was significantly smaller than that of SAMR1. In SAMP6 both collagen content and cross-links were lower than those of SAMR1, but the ratio of the major mature cross-link (pyridinoline) to its precursor reducible cross-link (dehydrodihydroxylysinonorleucine/its ketoamine) was higher in comparison to SAMR1. In addition, the extent of lysine hydroxylation of collagen was higher in SAMP6 than that of SAMR1. These results indicate that not only the quantity of collagen but also its quality are altered in SAMP6 and may result in the age-associated osteoporotic defects of mandibles.

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