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J Neurovirol. 2008 Nov;14(6):574-8. doi: 10.1080/13550280802345715.

Epstein-Barr virus encephalitis presenting with a tumor-like lesion in an immunosuppressed transplant recipient.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Medical University Graz, Graz, Austria. Medical University Graz, Graz, Austria

Abstract

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) associated central nervous system (CNS) infection is a rare disease. We report an atypical manifestation of EBV encephalitis initially presenting with a tumor-like lesion of the optic tract in an immunocompromised patient 8 years after a combined kidney and pancreas transplantation had been performed. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and antibody testing confirmed the diagnosis of EBV encephalitis, most likely as a consequence of a reactivated persistent EBV infection. After cessation of the immunosuppressive therapy and induction of treatment with ganciclovir, clinical and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings rapidly improved.

PMID:
18991070
DOI:
10.1080/13550280802345715
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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