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Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2009 Jan 1;179(1):19-24. doi: 10.1164/rccm.200807-1126OC. Epub 2008 Oct 31.

Severe exacerbations and decline in lung function in asthma.

Collaborators (492)

Sheffer A, Woolcock A, Diaz P, Silverman M, Lindmark B, Eckmayr J, Riedler J, Wurzinger G, Ott G, Zarkovic J, Schulheim A, Götz M, Schinko H, Thomüller I, de Backer W, van Bever H, Verleden G, de Boeck C, Aumann J, Vincken W, Dab I, de Vuyst P, de Jonghe M, Casimir G, Joos G, de Baets F, Bogaerts Y, Halloy JL, Bartsch P, Casimir G, Thiriaux J, Pohunek P, Rybníek O, Skopková O, Pavelková L, Broz P, Ohnutková E, Novotná B, Bal'y J, Krmová I, Kuralová Z, Kocí T, Honomichlová H, Kasák V, Panzner P, Vondra V, Némeková J, Seberová E, Sykora T, Petru V, Turzíková J, Sörensen T, Neldam S, Kludt JP, Bo Hansen U, Knudsen T, Schultz PJ, Rost D, Jensen F, Kinnula V, Saarelainen P, Eho-Remes M, Valovirta E, Venho KK, Kokko E, Järvinen M, Toljamo T, Taivainen A, Kava T, Herrala J, Kuusela AL, Nordgren P, Syvänen P, Godard P, Rufin P, Anton M, Aubert JP, Grosclaude M, Brambilla C, Archaud P, Racineux JL, Muir JF, Albertini M, Le Roux P, Simmons A, Bartuschka B, von Berg A, Bergmann V, Berns J, Bisping-Arnold A, Blum HC, Garanin G, Brückner OJ, Burbach P, Sudhoff H, Feldmann M, Schmoller T, Wozny HW, Galaske R, Huptas M, Kaecke J, Köcher V, Laule-Peschel M, Lohr E, Goldberg J, Drescher T, Reeh W, Rabe U, Rehn L, Scheffler NK, Steinmetz KO, Stutz PM, Weber HH, Uhde C, Ullner R, Vehar H, Zarkovic J, Krohn EU, Orosz M, Devai A, Uhereczky G, Rajkay K, Gönczi F, Györi E, Dobra G, Puha K, Sztancsik Z, Gömöri K, Dolinay T, Bittera I, Palinkasi S, Cseke Z, Bisits M, Bjämer D, Holme JI, Langhammer A, Hunstad K, Holmboe JH, Grangård E, Solberg DA, Grönneröd TA, Salkowitsch MB, Öymar K, Iversen K, Szczeklik A, Chyrek-Borowska S, Mincewicz G, Malaczynska T, Latos T, Obtulowicz K, Emeryk A, Gorski P, Nowak D, Szmidt M, Alkiewicz J, Ziolo G, Spychalski L, Chmielewska-Szewczyk D, Nowacka K, Pirozynski M, Prokurat H, Boznanski A, Malolepszy J, Rogala E, Kozielski J, Eriksson UL, Wahlestedt H, Selberg M, Larsson L, Rignér K, Alm B, Aronsson M, Winnergård I, Lagerwall M, Martinsons U, Berlin L, Rydberg B, Weston D, Johnson ME, Barrett C, Siafakas N, Mantzourani E, Orphanidou D, Trakopoulos G, Tzannes S, Kotsovoulou V, Dimadi M, Amfilochiou A, Priftis K, Papageorgiou-Saxoni F, Christaki P, Tsanakas I, Paraskevi M, Bousmoukilia S, Spiropoulo K, Anthrakopoulos M, Roussos C, Bentur-Alkouby L, Heimer D, Tal A, Horowitz I, Soferman R, Katz Y, Stav D, Weiler Z, Bibi H, Rottem M, Mandelberg A, Geller C, Roizin H, Weiler-Ravell D, Krame MR, Schwartz Y, Rossi A, Foresi A, Giuntini C, Bisetti A, Scoditti S, Tranfa C, Zacchello F, Giovannini M, Bone A, del Giudice MM, Fabbri LM, Girbino G, Barberio G, Cacciari E, Montefort S, Parascandalo R, Pato R, de Lourdes Chieira M, Moreira C, Chieira DS, Brito U, Borges FD, Marques AC, Figueiredo MM, Dias F, de Almeida AB, Cesar-Ramos J, Valente MJ, Pereira JD, Nunes C, Felicia Riberio M, Marques A, Carvalho MQ, Vaz de Azevedo M, Ramalho de Almeida A, Pinto JA, De Fatima M, Praca Matos M, Afonso A, Dos Santos JM, Fernandez CV, Agustin IC, Bejarano JM, Santos AA, Font ET, Huet EH, Lorente TL, Pujol MM, Pena Munoz A, Aineto PS, Forns SB, Areu JB, Casan P, Garcia JM, Segura PA, Gil RS, Ciscar CP, Garcia JF, Jimenez TV, Gonzalez JI, Andres FQ, Bueno TA, Baticon CO, Vina L, Matia RA, Cumplido AS, Andueza MC, Cabra MS, Navarro PL, Rodriguez FA, Li JH, Landry D, O'Keefe D, Muram BF, Conter HS, Tweel D, Peters SD, Adelglass J, Baker JW, Berger WE, Bernstein DI, Blake KV, Amelong P, Casale TB, Charous L, Chervinsky P, Condemi JJ, Cook D, Creticos PS Jr, de Graff AC, Smith T, Ellis MH, Grossman J, Halverson PC, Galant S, Hollingsworth H, Jackson C, Welch M, Kraemer MJ, Leflein J, Lemanske RF, Liebhaber MI, Lockey R, Kelly B, Mendelson L, Nayak A, Pearlman DS, Ruff M, Schwartz B, Scott MB, Shapiro GG, Silk HJ, Skoner DP, Stoloff S, Swamy KN, Atkins FM, Szefler SJ, Vandewalker M, Wald J, Weinstein SF, Wong DA, Wu F, Goldstein S, Murthy KC, Dolmann A, Gene R, Casas JC, Piovano C, Segal E, Balanzat AM, Taborda J, Truganti A, Teper A, Garrood J, Patel MJ, Hogan C, Russel G, Zhu YJ, Cao L, Liu SY, Miao JZ, Ding DJ, Yao WZ, Liu YN, Chen P, Kong SQ, Pang L, Sun B, Li ZM, Li GS, Chen PL, Zhu Q, Zhang TX, Wang XH, Wei S, Deng WW, Zhou X, Ji YY, Luo WT, Li Q, Zhu HR, Sheng JY, Ma JY, De-Ping Z, Ji CZ, Xia XR, Zhang ZY, Yin KS, Yiang J, Li Y, Tang PW, Liu FG, Wang HP, Zhong NS, Rong ZS, Tang YC, Lin CY, Liu JS, Liu HZ, Cai DM, Yang JC, Ma QF, Mangunnegoro H, Wijono CA, Tobing NH, Rahajoe NN, Sugito, Surjanto E, Hisyam B, Alsagaff H, Santosa G, Kim YY, Park CS, Kim MK, Cho YJ, Choi DC, Jee YK, Mohan J, Yogeswery S, Wong SL, Kuan GL, Koh CT, Quah BS, de Bruyne J, Liam CK, Avila MM, Cuevas F, Chavaje N, Topete LA, Badillo I, Ponce M, Merida JC, Espinosa AG, Ledezma JM, Garcıa JA, Morales GG, Gomez JM, Martinez FJ, Ramos JE, Dorantes JR, Gonzalez CC, Vera JG, Bayardo RG, Melendez AP, Loyola CB, Suarez MA, de Guia T, Balgos A, Bautista N, Realiza T, Diaz D, Yu C, Mendoza-Wi JA, Juaneza R, Bigornia R, Mansukhani P, Cacanindin DN, Wah LB, Hon YK, Yau OY, Moh CO, Tang WY, Dippenaar YD, Kirsten DL, Maraschin EF, Ossip MS, Visser SS, Mouton WL, Mercer M, Cassim KM, Macleod AH, Bateman ED, Leaver R, Morison A, Nel H, von Delft KH, Vermeulen JH, Weinberg EG, Lund RJ, Weber HC, Kuo SH, Kuo HP, Wang JL, Hsiue TR, Wang JH, Ching CD, Vangveeravong M, Pothiratana C, Trakultivakorn M, Kongpanichkul A, Thamanavat B, Fuangtong R, Suntornlohanakul S, Youngchaiyud P, Teeratakulpisarn J, Boonsawat W, Viriyachaiyo V, Direkwattanachai C, Visitsunthorn N.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, McMaster University Medical Center, Ontario, Canada. obyrnep@mcmaster.ca

Erratum in

  • Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2010 Oct 1;182(7):983-4.

Abstract

RATIONALE:

To evaluate the association between asthma exacerbations and the decline in lung function, as well as the potential effects of an inhaled corticosteroid, budesonide, on exacerbation-related decline in patients with asthma.

OBJECTIVES:

To determine whether severe asthma exacerbations are associated with a persistent decline in lung function.

METHODS:

The START (inhaled steroid treatment as regular therapy in early asthma) study was a 3-year, randomized, double-blind study of 7,165 patients (5-66 yr) with persistent asthma for less than 2 years, to determine whether early intervention with low-dose inhaled budesonide prevents severe asthma-related events (exacerbations requiring hospitalization or emergency treatment) and decline in lung function.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:

There were 315 patients who experienced at least one severe asthma exacerbation, of which 305 were analyzable, 190 in the placebo group and 115 in the budesonide group. In the placebo group, the change in post-bronchodilator FEV(1) % predicted from baseline to the end of the study, in patients who did or did not experience a severe exacerbation was -6.44% and -2.43%, respectively (P < 0.001). A significant difference was seen in both children and in adults, but not in adolescents. In the budesonide group, the change in the post-bronchodilator FEV(1) % predicted in patients who did or did not experience a severe exacerbation was -2.48% and -1.72%, respectively (P = 0.57). The difference in magnitude of reduction afforded by budesonide, in patients who experienced at least one severe asthma-related event compared with those who did not, was statistically significant (P = 0.042).

CONCLUSIONS:

Severe asthma exacerbations are associated with a more rapid decline in lung function. Treatment with low doses of inhaled corticosteroid is associated with an attenuation of the decline.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00641914.

PMID:
18990678
DOI:
10.1164/rccm.200807-1126OC
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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