Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2008 Dec;62(4):389-94. doi: 10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2008.08.022. Epub 2008 Nov 5.

The role of a whole blood interferon-gamma assay for the detection of latent tuberculosis infection in Bacille Calmette-Guérin vaccinated children.

Author information

1
Division of Pediatric Infection and Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Seoul 120-752, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

The tuberculin skin test (TST) has limitations in children who are under the Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) effect. Our aim was to evaluate the QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-G IT) blood test for Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in children and to compare results with those of the TST. QFT-G IT and TST data were collected from 227 children between 0 and 15 years of age, split into 4 risk groups. Forty-two children were close contacts, 29 were casual contacts, and 65 were controls. The QFT-G IT positivity rates were 19% (8/42), 6.9% (2/29), and 1.5% (1/65), with a significantly higher rate for the close contacts over the controls (P < 0.05). The high specificity of the QFT-G IT assay and the association of positive results with increasing risk of infection in our study suggest it has major benefits over the TST as a screening test for latent infection with M. tuberculosis in BCG-vaccinated children.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center