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J Am Board Fam Med. 2008 Nov-Dec;21(6):497-503. doi: 10.3122/jabfm.2008.06.080047.

The relationship of hepatitis antibodies and elevated liver enzymes with impaired fasting glucose and undiagnosed diabetes.

Author information

1
Department of Family Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, 295 Calhoun St., Charleston, SC 29425, USA. mainouag@musc.edu

Erratum in

  • J Am Board Fam Med. 2009 Mar-Apr;22(2):229.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study was to examine the relationship of hepatitis antibodies and liver enzymes with impaired fasting glucose and undiagnosed diabetes in adults.

METHODS:

We analyzed the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999 to 2004, a nationally representative sample of the noninstitutionalized US population. Among adults (aged >or=20 years of age) who were not problem drinkers, we examined hepatitis B and C antibodies and the liver enzymes aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and gammaglutamyl transaminase (GGT) with impaired fasting glucose and undiagnosed diabetes (unweighted, n = 5234; weighted, n = 172,626,805). Logistic regression models were computed controlling for major risk factors that drive diabetes screening, including age, gender, race, diagnosed hypertension, diagnosed hypercholesterolemia, and obesity.

RESULTS:

In unadjusted analyses 51% of individuals with undiagnosed diabetes have elevated GGT versus 20% of individuals without diabetes or impaired fasting glucose (P = .01). Similarly, 43% of individuals with undiagnosed diabetes have elevated ALT versus 23% of individuals without diabetes or impaired fasting glucose (P = .01). AST and Hepatitis C antibodies were not associated with undiagnosed diabetes. In adjusted analyses, elevated GGT (odds ratio, 2.15; 95% CI, 1.44-3.20) and ALT (odds ratio, 1.84; 95% CI, 1.06-3.20) are associated with undiagnosed diabetes. Similarly, in adjusted analyses, elevated GGT (odds ratio, 1.23; 95% CI, 1.00-1.53) and ALT (odds ratio, 1.44; 95% CI, 1.15-1.79) are associated with impaired fasting glucose. Hepatitis antibodies, reporting a current liver problem, or AST were not [corrected] associated with having undiagnosed diabetes in adjusted analyses.

CONCLUSIONS:

Liver function is associated with undiagnosed diabetes and impaired fasting glucose and may justify further investigation as a risk stratification variable for undiagnosed diabetes or impaired fasting glucose.

PMID:
18988716
DOI:
10.3122/jabfm.2008.06.080047
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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