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J Leukoc Biol. 1991 Jan;49(1):65-72.

Modulation of Mycobacterium avium growth in murine macrophages: reversal of unresponsiveness to interferon-gamma by indomethacin or interleukin-4.

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1
Bioscience 1, ICI Pharmaceuticals, Cheshire, England.

Abstract

The ability of soluble factors to modulate the growth of a virulent strain of Mycobacterium avium in murine peritoneal macrophages was studied. The virulent strain, TMC 702, grew progressively in the organs of susceptible BALB/C mice. In addition, this strain of M. avium grew progressively in untreated peritoneal macrophages. Treatment of macrophage monolayers with interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) did not change significantly the intracellular growth of M. avium. Addition of indomethacin to IFN-gamma-treated macrophage monolayers rendered them significantly more bacteriostatic than macrophages treated with interferon alone, suggesting a role for prostaglandins in inducing unresponsiveness to IFN-gamma in infected cells. Additionally, treatment with tumour necrosis factor-alpha led to a modest increase in bacteriostasis, as compared to untreated monolayers. Further experiments with recombinant interleukins showed that interleukin-4 (IL-4), on its own, could increase bacteriostatic activity against M. avium in a reproducible fashion. Experiments with interleukin combinations showed that IFN-gamma and IL-4 treatment of macrophages rendered these cells almost fully bacteriostatic against M. avium, inclusion of scavengers of reactive oxygen species did not modify the beneficial effect of IFN-gamma and IL-4. Overall, our results suggest an important role for interleukins in modulating the interaction between virulent mycobacteria and murine macrophages.

PMID:
1898613
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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