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Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2008 Nov;162(11):1036-41. doi: 10.1001/archpedi.162.11.1036.

Long-term health status in childhood survivors of meningococcal septic shock.

Author information

1
Department of Paediatrics, Division of Paediatric Intensive Care, Erasmus MC-Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. c.buysse@erasmusmc.nl

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess long-term health status in patients who survived meningococcal septic shock in childhood.

DESIGN:

Medical and psychological follow-up of a cross-sectional cohort.

SETTING:

Pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) of a tertiary care university hospital.

PARTICIPANTS:

All consecutive patients with septic shock and purpura who required intensive care between 1988 and 2001. Intervention Patients and their parents were invited to our follow-up clinic 4 to 16 years after PICU discharge.

OUTCOME MEASURES:

Health status was assessed with a standard medical interview, physical examination, renal function test, and the Health Utilities Index Mark 2 (HUI2) and 3 (HUI3).

RESULTS:

One hundred twenty patients (response rate 71%) participated in the follow-up (median age at PICU admission, 3.1 years; median follow-up interval, 9.8 years; median age at follow-up, 14.5 years). Thirty-five percent of patients had 1 or more of the following neurological impairments: severe mental retardation with epilepsy (3%), hearing loss (2%), chronic headache (28%), and focal neurological signs (6%), like paresis of 1 arm. One of the 16 patients with septic shock-associated acute renal failure at PICU admission showed signs of mild chronic renal failure (glomerular filtration rate, 62 mL/min/1.73 m(2); proteinuria; and hypertension). Scores were significantly lower on nearly all HUI2 and HUI3 attributes compared with Dutch population data, indicating poorer health in these patients.

CONCLUSIONS:

In patients who survived meningococcal septic shock in childhood, one-third showed long-term neurological impairments, ranging from mild to severe and irreversible. Patients reported poorer general health as measured by HUI2 and HUI3.

PMID:
18981351
DOI:
10.1001/archpedi.162.11.1036
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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