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Arch Biochem Biophys. 1991 Sep;289(2):267-73.

Characterization of the constitutive and wound-inducible monoterpene cyclases of grand fir (Abies grandis).

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Institute of Biological Chemistry, Washington State University, Pullman 99164-6340.


Monoterpene cyclase activity is greatly increased in grand fir (Abies grandis) sapling stems in response to wounding and the composition of the cyclic olefin mixture generated differs from that produced constitutively as determined by radio gas-liquid chromatography. Cell-free extracts from wounded stems and from non-wounded controls were systematically compared for monoterpene cyclase activities following partial purification and separation of these enzymes by anion-exchange chromatography (Mono Q FPLC) and native PAGE. The increase in monoterpene cyclase activity following wounding represents both the apparent enhancement of constitutive cyclase activities and the appearance of novel cyclization enzymes that are absent in nonwounded controls. A pinene cyclase was shown to be the major wound-inducible enzyme directly responsible for oleoresin monoterpene formation and was tentatively identified as a 62-kDa protein by SDS-PAGE.

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