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Arch Biochem Biophys. 1991 Jul;288(1):48-53.

Inhibition of glutathione disulfide reductase by glutathione.

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Verna and Marrs McLean Department of Biochemistry, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030.


Rat-liver glutathione disulfide reductase is significantly inhibited by physiological concentrations of the product, glutathione. GSH is a noncompetitive inhibitor against GSSG and an uncompetitive inhibitor against NADPH at saturating concentrations of the fixed substrate. In both cases, the inhibition by GSH is parabolic, consistent with the requirement for 2 eq. of GSH in the reverse reaction. The inhibition of GSSG reduction by physiological levels of the product, GSH, would result in a significantly more oxidizing intracellular environment than would be realized in the absence of inhibition. Considering inhibition by the high intracellular concentration of GSH, the steady-state concentration of GSSG required to maintain a basal glutathione peroxidase flux of 300 nmol/min/g in rat liver is estimated at 8-9 microM, about 1000-fold higher than the concentration of GSSG predicted from the equilibrium constant for glutathione reductase. The kinetic properties of glutathione reductase also provide a rationale for the increased glutathione (GSSG) efflux observed when cells are exposed to oxidative stress. The resulting decrease in intracellular GSH relieves the noncompetitive inhibition of glutathione reductase and results in an increased capacity (Vmax) and decreased Km for GSSG.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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