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Health Psychol. 2008 May;27(3S):S271-82.

Treating tobacco dependence among African Americans: a meta-analytic review.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, Syracuse University, Syracuse, NY 13244-2340, USA. mswebb@syr.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

African Americans suffer disproportionately from smoking-related morbidity and mortality; yet it is unclear whether existing treatments benefit this population. The purposes of this meta-analysis were to evaluate the overall efficacy of smoking cessation interventions (SCIs) among African American adults and to examine specific study characteristics and methods that influence treatment outcome.

DESIGN:

Twenty published and unpublished studies representing 32 hypothesis tests and 12,743 smokers compared SCIs to control conditions.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

(1) Smoking abstinence post-treatment; (2) abstinence at the first follow-up assessment; and (3) 11 potential moderators of treatment effects.

RESULTS:

Overall, SCIs increased the odds of cessation by 40% at posttest and 30% at follow-up. Treatment type, setting, cultural specificity, unit of analysis, outcome measure, nature of control group, and biochemical verification moderated the overall treatment effect size.

CONCLUSION:

SCIs are efficacious among African Americans. Theoretical, clinical, and future research implications are discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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