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PLoS One. 2008;3(11):e3604. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0003604. Epub 2008 Nov 3.

Small molecule, non-peptide p75 ligands inhibit Abeta-induced neurodegeneration and synaptic impairment.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology and Neurological Science, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA.

Abstract

The p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75(NTR)) is expressed by neurons particularly vulnerable in Alzheimer's disease (AD). We tested the hypothesis that non-peptide, small molecule p75(NTR) ligands found to promote survival signaling might prevent Abeta-induced degeneration and synaptic dysfunction. These ligands inhibited Abeta-induced neuritic dystrophy, death of cultured neurons and Abeta-induced death of pyramidal neurons in hippocampal slice cultures. Moreover, ligands inhibited Abeta-induced activation of molecules involved in AD pathology including calpain/cdk5, GSK3beta and c-Jun, and tau phosphorylation, and prevented Abeta-induced inactivation of AKT and CREB. Finally, a p75(NTR) ligand blocked Abeta-induced hippocampal LTP impairment. These studies support an extensive intersection between p75(NTR) signaling and Abeta pathogenic mechanisms, and introduce a class of specific small molecule ligands with the unique ability to block multiple fundamental AD-related signaling pathways, reverse synaptic impairment and inhibit Abeta-induced neuronal dystrophy and death.

PMID:
18978948
PMCID:
PMC2575383
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0003604
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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