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Am J Clin Nutr. 1991 Oct;54(4):623-7.

Magnetic-resonance imaging used for determining fat distribution in obesity and diabetes.

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Department of Family Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles County/University of Southern California Medical Center.


Computed-tomography scanning and magnetic-resonance imaging (MRI) have been used to quantify intraabdominal and subcutaneous fat depots. In this study MRI was used to define fat-distribution patterns in 24 obese females with non-insulin-dependent diabetes (NIDDM) and 12 females with simple obesity. Subjects had anthropometric measurements and single-slice abdominal scans performed at the umbilicus. In addition, in 10 of the nondiabetic females, measurements were repeated after 10 wk of a very-low-calorie diet. Nondiabetic females had significantly less intraabdominal fat (P less than 0.01) than did the diabetics but had equivalent subcutaneous fat. There was no significant relationship between waist-to-hip ratio and intraabdominal fat, subcutaneous fat, or their ratio. After a weight loss of 10.6 +/- 3.8 kg there were significant decreases in both intraabdominal and subcutaneous fat (P less than 0.01). Weight loss is associated with decreases in fat in both depots.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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