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Indian J Med Microbiol. 2008 Oct-Dec;26(4):352-5.

The utility of IS6110 sequence based polymerase chain reaction in comparison to conventional methods in the diagnosis of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis.

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Laboratory Division, Central Leprosy Teaching and Research Institute, Chengalpattu, Tamilnadu, India.


IS6110 sequence based polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was compared with conventional bacteriological techniques in the laboratory diagnosis of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB). One hundred and ninety one non-repeated clinical samples of EPTB and 17 samples from non-tuberculous cases as controls were included. All the samples were processed for Ziehl-Neelsen staining for acid fast bacilli (AFB) and 143 samples were processed by culture for M. tuberculosis . All the samples were processed for PCR amplification with primers targeting 123 bp fragment of insertion element IS6110 of M. tuberculosis complex. Of the total 191 samples processed, 34 (18%) were positive by smear for AFB. Culture for AFB was positive in 31(22%) samples among the 143 samples processed. Either smear or culture for AFB was found positive in 51(27%) samples. Of the total 191 samples processed 120 (63%) were positive by PCR. In 140 samples, wherein both the conventional techniques were found negative, 74 (53%) samples were positive by PCR alone. Among 51 samples positive by conventional techniques, 46 (90%) were found positive by PCR. PCR assay targeting IS6110 is useful in establishing the diagnosis of EPTB, where there is strong clinical suspicion, especially when the conventional techniques are negative.

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