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Clin Cancer Res. 2008 Nov 15;14(22):7292-303. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-08-0832. Epub 2008 Oct 30.

Induction of both CD8+ and CD4+ T-cell-mediated responses in colorectal cancer patients by colon antigen-1.

Author information

1
Department of Cell Biology and Neurosciences, Istituto Superiore di Sanitá, Italy. maccalli.cristina@hsr.it

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Colon antigen-1 (COA-1) was recently identified as a novel antigen of colorectal cancer encoded by the UBXD5 gene. Here, we evaluated whether a specific T-cell-mediated response directed against this molecule can occur in colorectal cancer patients.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN:

Antigen- and tumor-specific immunologic responses of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) stimulated in vitro with the MHC class II-associated immunogenic epitope of COA-1 (FSTFPPTLYQDDTLTLQAAG) were analyzed by IFN-gamma ELISPOT assay.

RESULTS:

COA-1-specific and tumor-reactive T lymphocytes were isolated from all (n = 7) HLA-DRbeta1*0402+ or *1301+ colorectal cancer patients with progressive disease (Dukes' C and D) but not in patients (n = 4) with early-stage tumor (Dukes' A and B) and in healthy donors (n = 5), suggesting that the immune response against this antigen is associated with the progression of colorectal cancer. COA-1- and tumor-specific T lymphocytes displayed a CD3+CD4+CD69+CD45RA+ phenotype, compatible with the activated effector-type T-cell subset, and most of them exerted cytotoxic activity against HLA-matched and COA-1+ tumor cells. COA-1-specific T cells could also be isolated by in vitro stimulation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells with autologous dendritic cells loaded with tumor lysate, suggesting that this antigen can generate a dominant immunologic response against colorectal cancer cells. Notably, we could identify also COA-1-derived epitopes binding to HLA-A*0201 molecules that elicited antigen- and tumor-specific CD8+ T-cell-mediated responses in colorectal cancer patients.

CONCLUSIONS:

Both CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell responses against COA-1 can occur in colorectal cancer patients with metastatic disease, suggesting that this antigen is suitable for immunotherapeutic protocols of these patients.

PMID:
18974390
DOI:
10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-08-0832
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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