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Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2009 Jan;29(1):61-6. doi: 10.1161/ATVBAHA.108.166496. Epub 2008 Oct 30.

Implantation of adipose-derived regenerative cells enhances ischemia-induced angiogenesis.

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Department of Cardiology, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai, Showa-ku, Nagoya, 466-8550 Japan.



Therapeutic angiogenesis using autologous stem/progenitor cells represents a novel strategy for severe ischemic diseases. Recent reports indicated that adipose tissues could supply adipose-derived regenerative cells (ADRCs). Accordingly, we examined whether implantation of ADRCs would augment ischemia-induced angiogenesis.


Adipose tissue was obtained from C57BL/6J mice, and ADRCs were isolated using standard methods. ADRCs expressed stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1) mRNA and proteins. Hind limb ischemia was induced and culture-expanded ADRCs, PBS, or mature adipocytes (MAs) as control cells were injected into the ischemic muscles. At 3 weeks, the ADRC group had a greater laser Doppler blood perfusion index and a higher capillary density compared to the controls. Implantation of ADRCs increased circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). SDF-1 mRNA abundance at ischemic tissues and serum SDF-1 levels were greater in the ADRC group than in the control group. Finally, intraperitoneal injection of an anti-SDF-1 neutralizing antibody reduced the number of circulating EPCs and therapeutic efficacies of ADRCs.


Adipose tissue would be a valuable source for cell-based therapeutic angiogenesis. Moreover, chemokine SDF-1 may play a pivotal role in the ADRCs-mediated angiogenesis at least in part by facilitating mobilization of EPCs.

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