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J Phys Chem B. 2008 Nov 27;112(47):15227-43. doi: 10.1021/jp806814s.

Molecular dynamics study of the ribosomal A-site.

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Department of Biophysics, Faculty of Physics, University of Warsaw, Poland.


Many aminoglycosidic antibiotics target the A-site of 16S RNA in the small ribosomal subunit and affect the fidelity of protein translation in bacteria. Upon binding, aminoglycosides displace two adenines (A1492 and A1493 for E. coli numbering) that are involved in tRNA anticodon loop recognition. The major difference in the aminoglycosidic binding site between the prokaryota and eukaryota is an adenine into guanine substitution in the position 1408. This mutation likely affects the dynamics of near A1492 and A1493 and hinders the binding of aminoglycosides to eukaryotic ribosomes. With multiple 20 ns long all-atom molecular dynamics simulations, we study the flexibility of a 22 nucleotide RNA fragment which mimics the aminoglycosidic binding site. Simulations are carried out for both native and A1408G mutated RNA as well as for their complexes with aminoglycosidic representative paromomycin. We observe intra- and extrahelical configurations of A1492 and A1493, which differ between the prokaryotic and the mutated structure. We obtain configurations of the A-site that are also observed in the NMR and crystal structures. Our studies show the differences in the internal mobility of the A-site, as well as that in ion and water density distributions inside of the binding cleft, between the prokaryotic and mutated RNA. We also compare the performance of two force field parameters for RNA, Amber and Charmm.

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