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Talanta. 2003 Dec 23;61(6):811-7. doi: 10.1016/S0039-9140(03)00379-5.

Concentration of heavy metal ions in water using thermoresponsive chelating polymer.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Design and Engineering, Nagoya University, Furo, Chikusa, Nagoya 464-8306, Japan.


Thermoresponsive polymers, poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAAm), having chelating functionalities were synthesized. PNIPAAm-imidazole (-Im) was precipitated and formed a gum-like aggregate in the neutral pH region at 50 degrees C, while PNIPAAm-carboxylic acid (COOH) and PNIPAAm-iminodiacetic acid (-IDA) remained soluble even at pH 7. An addition of a paired ion, dodecyltrimethylammonium ion, was effective for inducing the precipitation of those polymers. PNIPAAm-Im was useful for collecting copper(II), nickel(II), cobalt(II), and lead(II), but was ineffective for cadmium(II) recovery. In contrast, PNIPAAm-COOH collected cadmium(II), while insufficiently recovered cobalt(II) and nickel(II). PNIPAAm-IDA was the best choice for collecting all metal ions in neutral pH's. After 20-folds concentration, the metal ions in river and seawater were successfully determined by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry (GFAAS).

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