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Talanta. 1998 Oct;47(2):487-95.

Immobilization of single-stranded deoxyribonucleic acid on gold electrode with self-assembled aminoethanethiol monolayer for DNA electrochemical sensor applications.

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Department of Chemistry, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, People's Republic of China.


A synthesized 24-mer single-stranded deoxyribonucleic acid (ssDNA) was covalently immobilized onto a self-assembled aminoethanethiol monolayer modified gold electrode, using water-soluble 1-ethyl-3(3-dimethylaminopropyl)-carbodiimide (EDC). The covalently immobilized ssDNAs were hybridized with complementary ssDNA (cDNA) or yAL(3) gene in solution, forming double-stranded DNAs (dsDNA). Meanwhile, daunomycin as an electrochemical active intercalator in the hybridization buffer solution was intercalated into the dsDNA to form a dsDNA/daunomycin system on the gold electrode surface, which was used for DNA electrochemical sensor. The cathodic waves of daunomycin bound to the double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) by linear sweep voltammetry were utilized to detect the cDNA. The cathodic peak current (i(pc)) of duanomycin was linearly related to the concentrations of cDNA between 0.1 mug ml(-1) and 0.1 ng ml(-1). The detection limit was about 30 pg ml(-1).


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