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J Gastroenterol. 2008;43(10):741-50. doi: 10.1007/s00535-008-2230-5. Epub 2008 Oct 29.

Eosinophilic gastroenteritis: a review.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, University Health Network/Toronto Medical Laboratories, University of Toronto, Toronto General Hospital, 200 Elizabeth Street, Toronto, ON M5G 2C4, Canada.

Abstract

Eosinophilic gastroenteritis is a clinicopathological disease affecting both children and adults that is characterized by patchy or diffuse eosinophilic infiltration of the gastrointestinal tract with variable resultant clinical gastrointestinal manifestations. The eosinophil, eotaxin, and Th-2 cytokines are important in pathogenesis of this disease entity. It may be confused with parasitic and bacterial infections (including Helicobacter pylori), inflammatory bowel disease, hypereosinophilic syndrome, myeloproliferative disorders, periarteritis, allergic vasculitis, scleroderma, drug injury, and drug hypersensivity. Obtaining the correct diagnosis is important, and a pathologist usually makes this distinction. Effective treatments include systemic/topical corticosteroids, specific food elimination or an elemental diet, certain drugs, and even surgery. A variety of new therapeutic approaches are now under trial.

PMID:
18958542
DOI:
10.1007/s00535-008-2230-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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