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Opt Express. 2008 Oct 27;16(22):17282-7.

Surface-normal emission of a high-Q resonator using a subwavelength high-contrast grating.

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Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA.


We report a novel high-quality (Q) factor optical resonator using a subwavelength high-contrast grating (HCG) with in-plane resonance and surface-normal emission. We show that the in-plane resonance is manifested is by a sharp, asymmetric lineshape in the surface-normal reflectivity spectrum. The simulated Q factor of the resonator is shown to be as high as 500,000. A HCG-resonator was fabricated with an InGaAs quantum well active region sandwiched in-between AlGaAs layers and a Q factor of >14,000 was inferred from the photoluminescence linewidth of 0.07 nm, which is currently limited by instrumentation. The novel HCG resonator design will serve as a potential platform for many devices including surface emitting lasers, optical filters, and biological or chemical sensors.


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