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Cell. 2008 Oct 17;135(2):322-33. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2008.08.038.

Fibrils connect microtubule tips with kinetochores: a mechanism to couple tubulin dynamics to chromosome motion.

Author information

1
Department of M.C.D. Biology, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309-0347, USA. richard.mcintosh@colorado.edu

Abstract

Kinetochores of mitotic chromosomes are coupled to spindle microtubules in ways that allow the energy from tubulin dynamics to drive chromosome motion. Most kinetochore-associated microtubule ends display curving "protofilaments," strands of tubulin dimers that bend away from the microtubule axis. Both a kinetochore "plate" and an encircling, ring-shaped protein complex have been proposed to link protofilament bending to poleward chromosome motion. Here we show by electron tomography that slender fibrils connect curved protofilaments directly to the inner kinetochore. Fibril-protofilament associations correlate with a local straightening of the flared protofilaments. Theoretical analysis reveals that protofilament-fibril connections would be efficient couplers for chromosome motion, and experimental work on two very different kinetochore components suggests that filamentous proteins can couple shortening microtubules to cargo movements. These analyses define a ring-independent mechanism for harnessing microtubule dynamics directly to chromosome movement.

PMID:
18957206
PMCID:
PMC2746696
DOI:
10.1016/j.cell.2008.08.038
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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