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Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2010 Sep;7(3):279-82. doi: 10.1093/ecam/nem162. Epub 2007 Dec 5.

Guaraná's Journey from Regional Tonic to Aphrodisiac and Global Energy Drink.

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1
Department of Geography, PO Box 117315, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611-7315, USA and EMBRAPA Amazônia Occidental, Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil.

Abstract

Guaraná (Paullinia cupana H.B.K., Sapindaceae) is a rainforest vine that was domesticated in the Amazon for its caffeine-rich fruits. Guaraná has long been used as a tonic and to treat various disorders in Brazil and abroad and became a national soda in Brazil about a century ago. In the last two decades or so, guaraná has emerged as a key ingredient in various 'sports' and energy drinks as well as concoctions that allegedly boost one's libido. For some time, guaraná's high caffeine content was thought to be a detriment because of health concerns about excessive intake of caffeine-rich drinks. But it is precisely this quality, and the fact that it has a mysterious name and comes from an exotic land, that has propelled guaraná into a global beverage.

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