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Med Mal Infect. 2008 Nov;38(11):574-85. doi: 10.1016/j.medmal.2008.09.018. Epub 2008 Oct 26.

[Analysis of motivations for antiflu vaccination of the Clermont-Ferrand University Hospital staff].

[Article in French]

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Service santé-travail-environnement, CHU de Clermont-Ferrand, 63001 Clermont-Ferrand, France.



The vaccination of hospital staff decreases patient mortality and disorganization of services due to sick leave. The main aim of our study was to determine the Clermont-Ferrand University hospital (CHU) personnel's motivations for or against antiflu vaccination to increase the effectiveness of prevention campaigns.


An autoquestionnaire with multiple choices was given to the 7601 CHU staff in May 2005. It documented socioprofessional characteristics, vaccinal status, and reasons for vaccination, nonvaccination, or stopping antiflu vaccination.


The answer rate was 26.5% (2011 autoquestionnaires returned) and representative of the CHU staff. The rate of vaccination in 2004 was 36.35% with a strong correlation between vaccination and former influenza infection (p<0.001). Five of the six principal reasons for vaccination were altruistic including the first two: avoiding transmission to patients (61.8%) and his family (59.8%). The main reason for stopping was the lack of time. The reasons for nonvaccination were linked to a feeling of invulnerability: conviction of not being at risk, of being too young, or in good health.


The Haute Autorité de santé's objective of vaccinal coverage against influenza for 75% of the health professionals requires their active compliance. The effectiveness of future campaigns could aim at improving knowledge by insisting particularly on the young age of the risk populations. The lack of time can be compensated by offering on-site vaccination, including at night and by proposing larger schedules for vaccination.

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