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J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2008 Nov;17(9):1471-5. doi: 10.1089/jwh.2007.0670.

Gender-based differences in treatment and outcome among HIV patients in South India.

Author information

1
YRGCARE, VHS, Chennai, India. kumarasamy@yrgcare.org

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To describe gender-based differences in disease progression, treatment, and outcome among patients receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in South India.

METHODS:

Therapy-naïve patients initiating HAART between February 1996 and June 2006 at a tertiary HIV referral center in Chennai, South India, were analyzed using the YRG CARE HIV Observational Database. Patients with 1 year of follow-up after initiating HAART were examined to investigate immunological and clinical outcomes, including the development of adverse events to therapy and opportunistic infections.

RESULTS:

All previously therapy-naïve patients who initiated HAART with at least 1 year of follow-up (n = 1972) were analyzed. At enrollment into care, women had higher CD4 counts, lower hemoglobin, and higher body mass index (BMI) than their male counterparts (p < 0.05). At the time of initiating therapy, women had higher CD4 counts and lower hemoglobin (p < 0.05); women continued to have higher CD4 counts at 12 months (p < 0.05). After 1 year following HAART initiation, significantly more men developed tuberculosis and Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (p < 0.05), more women experienced lactic acidosis and nausea, and more men developed immune reconstitution syndrome (p < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Significant physiological, immunological, and clinical differences exist between men and women initiating HAART in a resource-limited setting in South India. Future studies should examine whether clinical management strategies should be different for men and women in resource-limited settings.

PMID:
18954236
PMCID:
PMC2945934
DOI:
10.1089/jwh.2007.0670
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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