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Amino Acids. 2009 Oct;37(4):703-8. doi: 10.1007/s00726-008-0191-x. Epub 2008 Oct 26.

Nitric oxide production and monoamine oxidase activity in cancer patients during interferon-alpha therapy.

Author information

1
Department of Neuroscience, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. d.fekkes@erasmusmc.nl

Abstract

Both increased and decreased nitric oxide (NO) synthesis have been reported in patients treated with interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha). Animal studies showed that IFN-alpha administration results in increased levels of biogenic amines, subsequent activation of monoamine oxidases (MAOs), and finally in a change in NO production due to the H(2)O(2) generated by MAOs. We examined the potential relationship between NO production in plasma and MAO-B activity in platelets of 43 cancer patients during 8 weeks of treatment with IFN-alpha. NO synthesis was quantitated by measuring both the ratio of citrulline and arginine (CIT/ARG-ratio) and total nitrite/nitrate (NOx) levels. Compared to baseline, MAO activity and NOx increased, while the CIT/ARG-ratio decreased. No associations were found between NOx, MAO and CIT/ARG-ratio. Only few associations were observed between changes in the biochemical parameters and changes in psychopathology induced by IFN-alpha, of which the association between changes in CIT and lassitude was the most consistent. The results suggest that peripheral NO production and MAO activity are unrelated to each other, and that peripheral changes in these biochemical parameters induced by IFN-alpha are unlikely to contribute to definite psychiatric disturbance.

PMID:
18953681
PMCID:
PMC2753771
DOI:
10.1007/s00726-008-0191-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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