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Mol Cell Proteomics. 2009 Mar;8(3):481-94. doi: 10.1074/mcp.M800123-MCP200. Epub 2008 Oct 24.

Deinococcus radiodurans PprI switches on DNA damage response and cellular survival networks after radiation damage.

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  • 1Institute of Nuclear-Agricultural Sciences, Key Laboratory of Chinese Ministry of Agriculture for Nuclear-Agricultural Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310029, China.


Preliminary findings indicate that PprI is a regulatory protein that stimulates transcription and translation of recA and other DNA repair genes in response to DNA damage in the extremely radioresistant bacterium Deinococcus radiodurans. To define the repertoire of proteins regulated by PprI and investigate the in vivo regulatory mechanism of PprI in response to gamma radiation, we performed comparative proteomics analyses on wild type (R1) and a pprI knock-out strain (YR1) under conditions of ionizing irradiation. Results of two-dimensional electrophoresis and MALDI-TOF MS or MALDI-TOF/TOF MS indicated that in response to low dose gamma ray exposure 31 proteins were significantly up-regulated in the presence of PprI. Among them, RecA and PprA are well known for their roles in DNA replication and repair. Others are involved in six different pathways, including stress response, energy metabolism, transcriptional regulation, signal transduction, protein turnover, and chaperoning. The last group consists of many proteins with uncharacterized functions. Expression of an additional four proteins, most of which act in metabolic pathways, was down-regulated in irradiated R1. Additionally phosphorylation of two proteins was under the control of PprI in response to irradiation. The different functional roles of representative PprI-regulated genes in extreme radioresistance were validated by gene knock-out analysis. These results suggest a role, either directly or indirectly, for PprI as a general switch to efficiently enhance the DNA repair capability and extreme radioresistance of D. radiodurans via regulation of a series of pathways.

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