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J Affect Disord. 2009 May;115(1-2):62-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2008.09.002. Epub 2008 Oct 23.

Post-adoption depression among adoptive mothers.

Author information

1
Child Development and Rehabilitation Institute, Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel, Petah Tiqwa, Israel. Senekimi@zahav.net.il

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the rate of depressive symptomatology and possible underlying factors in adoptive mothers during the transition to motherhood.

DESIGN:

Cohort survey.

SETTING:

General Community.

PARTICIPANTS:

Thirty-nine adoptive mothers of reproductive age registered with international adoption agencies.

INTERVENTIONS:

All women completed the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) before and 6 weeks after the adoption.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Responses were compared between the study group and published findings for biological mothers in the general population, and within the study group, before and after adoption.

RESULTS:

Symptoms of depression were found in 15.4% of the study group. This rate was similar to that for postpartum depression in the general population, and lower than the rate recorded in the study group before adoption (25.6%). All women with symptoms of depression after the adoption had also shown evidence of depressive features before the adoption. Similar findings were noted for other psychopathologies as well.

CONCLUSION:

Adopting a child does not cause new-onset, reactive depression among adoptive mothers. It may even lead to a decrease in depressive features, perhaps in response to relief from other adjustment difficulties.

PMID:
18950870
DOI:
10.1016/j.jad.2008.09.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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