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Res Vet Sci. 2009 Jun;86(3):388-93. doi: 10.1016/j.rvsc.2008.09.003. Epub 2008 Oct 23.

Evaluation of baits for oral vaccination of European wild boar piglets.

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1
Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos (IREC) (CSIC-UCLM-JCCM), Ronda de Toledo s/n, 13005 Ciudad Real, Spain.

Abstract

The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate new baits for the oral delivery of vaccine preparations to 2-4 month-old wild boar piglets. Baits were prepared using a matrix composed of wild boar feed, wheat flour, paraffin, sacarose and cinnamon-truffle powder attractant with polyethylene capsules dipped into the matrix to introduce vaccine formulation. Physical stability studies demonstrated that baits were stable for at least three days at temperatures as high as 42 degrees C. Recombinant Escherichia coli expressing the membrane-displayed BM95-MSP1a fusion protein were used to test bacterial viability in the baits and the antibody response in orally immunized wild boar. The E. coli viability was not significantly affected after bait incubation at 25 and 37 degrees C for 96h. Bait acceptance studies using artificial feeders in the field showed that baits were accepted by 2-3month-old animals, the preferred age for vaccination. Orally immunized wild boar piglets excreted recombinant E. coli in the feces and developed antibody titers to recombinant BM95-MSP1a protein, thus confirming that vaccine composition was released and reached the wild boar gastrointestinal track. The results of these experiments support the use of these baits for oral delivery of vaccine formulations to 2-4month-old wild boar piglets.

PMID:
18950820
DOI:
10.1016/j.rvsc.2008.09.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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