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Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 2008 Nov;31(11):1425-32. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-8159.2008.01206.x.

Insulin-treated type 2 diabetes is associated with a decreased survival in heart failure patients after cardiac resynchronization therapy.

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1
Department of Cardiology, IRCCS Istituto Clinico Humanitas, Rozzano, Milano, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) improves cardiac performance and survival in patients with congestive heart failure. Recent observations suggest that diabetes is associated with a worse outcome in these patients. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of diabetes and insulin treatment on outcome after CRT.

METHODS:

Diabetic status and insulin treatment were assessed in 447 patients who underwent CRT (males 80.8%, mean age 65.7 +/- 9.7 years, ejection fraction 29.9 +/- 6.11%). Patients were stratified in three groups according to the presence or absence of diabetes and insulin treatment.

RESULTS:

Nondiabetic patients were 366 (79.6%), noninsulin-treated diabetic patients 62 (13.9%), insulin-treated diabetic patients 29 (6.5%). The estimated death rate was 5.15 per 100 patients-year in the nondiabetic group, 8.63 in noninsulin-treated diabetics (HR 1.59, P = 0.240), and 15.84 in insulin-treated diabetics (HR 3.05, P = 0.004). Cardiac mortality accounted for 81% of deaths in nondiabetic patients and for 56% of deaths in diabetic patients. Diabetic patients tended to have a worse recovery of left ventricular ejection fraction over time (P = 0.057) and of the distance at 6-minute walking test (6MWT) (P = 0.018).

CONCLUSIONS:

Insulin-treated diabetes is associated with a worse functional recovery and a higher mortality in patients with advanced heart failure after CRT. While cardiac death accounts for the majority of deaths in nondiabetic patients, a relevant proportion of the mortality in diabetic patients seem to result from noncardiac causes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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