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J Mater Sci Mater Med. 2009 Mar;20(3):681-9. doi: 10.1007/s10856-008-3613-0. Epub 2008 Oct 24.

Solid emulsion gel as a novel construct for topical applications: synthesis, morphology and mechanical properties.

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Bioartificial Gel Technologies (BAGTECH) Inc., 400 De Maisonneuve Ouest, Suite 1156, Montreal , QC, Canada, H3A 1L4.


A series of the solid emulsion gels with the oil volume fraction in the range of 0-50% were synthesized through a polycondensation reaction between activated p-nitrophenyl carbonate poly(ethylene glycol) and protein-stabilized oil-in-water emulsions. The resultant structures were investigated in terms of swelling behavior, composition, morphology, mechanical and skin hydration properties. Solid emulsions gels share the properties of both hydrogel and emulsion. Similar to the classical hydrogel, the SEG swells in water up to equilibrium swelling degree, which decreases as the oil volume fraction increases, and comprises immobilized drops of protein-stabilized oil. The impregnation of the oil phase is found to reduce tensile stiffness of the material, but improves material's extensibility. The mechanical properties of the constructs (Young moduli in the range of 9-15 kPa and the elongation at break of 120-220%) are interpreted according to the "rule of elasticity mixture" that considers the elasticity of the composite material to be a sum of the contributions from individual components, i.e. hydrogel and dispersed oil drops. An idealized model that takes into account the history of the material preparation has been proposed to explain the improved extensibility of the constructs. The results of the mechanical tests, equilibrium swelling, and the skin hydration effect of the solid emulsion gels in vivo are discussed from the perspective of the biomedical applications of the solid emulsion gels, in particular, for the transdermal delivery of hydrophilic and lipophilic drugs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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