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Nucleic Acids Res. 2009 Jan;37(Database issue):D680-5. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkn728. Epub 2008 Oct 23.

IUPHAR-DB: the IUPHAR database of G protein-coupled receptors and ion channels.

Author information

  • 1Centres for Cardiovascular Science and Neuroscience Research, The Queen's Medical Research Institute, Institute of Evolutionary Biology, Ashworth Labs, School of Informatics, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK. tony.harmar@ed.ac.uk

Abstract

The IUPHAR database (IUPHAR-DB) integrates peer-reviewed pharmacological, chemical, genetic, functional and anatomical information on the 354 nonsensory G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), 71 ligand-gated ion channel subunits and 141 voltage-gated-like ion channel subunits encoded by the human, rat and mouse genomes. These genes represent the targets of approximately one-third of currently approved drugs and are a major focus of drug discovery and development programs in the pharmaceutical industry. IUPHAR-DB provides a comprehensive description of the genes and their functions, with information on protein structure and interactions, ligands, expression patterns, signaling mechanisms, functional assays and biologically important receptor variants (e.g. single nucleotide polymorphisms and splice variants). In addition, the phenotypes resulting from altered gene expression (e.g. in genetically altered animals or in human genetic disorders) are described. The content of the database is peer reviewed by members of the International Union of Basic and Clinical Pharmacology Committee on Receptor Nomenclature and Drug Classification (NC-IUPHAR); the data are provided through manual curation of the primary literature by a network of over 60 subcommittees of NC-IUPHAR. Links to other bioinformatics resources, such as NCBI, Uniprot, HGNC and the rat and mouse genome databases are provided. IUPHAR-DB is freely available at http://www.iuphar-db.org.

PMID:
18948278
PMCID:
PMC2686540
DOI:
10.1093/nar/gkn728
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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