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Biochem Pharmacol. 2009 Feb 1;77(3):285-96. doi: 10.1016/j.bcp.2008.09.029. Epub 2008 Oct 1.

Catalase and glutathione peroxidase mimics.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, National Jewish Health, Departments of Medicine, Immunology & Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, CO 80206, USA. dayb@njc.org.

Abstract

Overproduction of the reactive oxygen species (ROS) superoxide (O(2)(-)) and hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) are increasingly implicated in human disease and aging. ROS are also being explored as important modulating agents in a number of cell signaling pathways. Earlier work has focused on development of small catalytic scavengers of O(2)(-), commonly referred to as superoxide dismutase (SOD) mimetics. Many of these compounds also have substantial abilities to catalytically scavenge H(2)O(2) and peroxynitrite (ONOO(-)). Peroxides have been increasingly shown to disrupt cell signaling cascades associated with excessive inflammation associated with a wide variety of human diseases. Early studies with enzymatic scavengers like SOD frequently reported little or no beneficial effect in biologic models unless SOD was combined with catalase or a peroxidase. Increasing attention has been devoted to developing catalase or peroxidase mimetics as a way to treat overt inflammation associated with the pathophysiology of many human disorders. This review will focus on recent development of catalytic scavengers of peroxides and their potential use as therapeutic agents for pulmonary, cardiovascular, neurodegenerative and inflammatory disorders.

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