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J Biol Chem. 2008 Dec 26;283(52):36474-85. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M805980200. Epub 2008 Oct 21.

Loss of androgen receptor in aging and oxidative stress through Myb protooncoprotein-regulated reciprocal chromatin dynamics of p53 and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase PARP-1.

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Department of Molecular Medicine/Institute of Biotechnology, The University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, Texas 78245, USA.


Poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation of transcription factors and coregulators, mediated by the poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase PARP-1, has been emerging as an important epigenetic mechanism that controls transcriptional dynamics in response to diverse intra- and extracellular signals. PARP-1 activity is also implicated in the regulation of mammalian lifespan. Herein we show that transcriptional down-regulation of androgen receptor (AR) in the aging rat liver and in oxidatively stressed hepatoma cells involves exchange of a PARP-1-associated, p/CAF-containing coactivator assembly for a p53-interacting, Groucho/TLE1-, and mSin3A-included corepressor complex at an age- and oxidant-responsive DNA element (age-dependent factor (ADF) element) in the AR promoter. The coregulator switch is mediated by B-Myb and c-Myb, which bind to the ADF element and physically associate with PARP-1 and the tumor suppressor p53. Heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein K, residing at the ADF element in association with PARP-1, may serve a platform role in stabilizing the activating complex. PARP-1 coactivated B-Myb- and c-Myb-mediated transactivation of the AR promoter, and p53 antagonized the B-Myb/c-Myb-induced AR promoter activation. PARP-1, heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein K, B-Myb, and c-Myb each serves as a positive regulator of cellular AR content, whereas p53 negatively regulates AR expression. Our results identify a shared, PARP-1-regulated sensing mechanism that coordinates transcriptional repression of AR during aging and in response to oxidative stress. This study may provide insights as to how advancing age and intracellular redox balance might influence androgen-regulated physiology.

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