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Phytopathology. 1997 Apr;87(4):375-80.

Population Genetic Structure of Phytophthora infestans in Ecuador.


The population genetic structure of Phytophthora infestans in Ecuador was assessed from 101 isolates collected from 1990 to 1992 and 111 isolates collected in 1993. All isolates were analyzed for mating type and allozyme genotype. Both samples were dominated (>95%) by a clonal lineage (EC-1) defined from neutral markers: 90/100 genotype for glucose-6-phosphate isomerase, 96/100 genotype for peptidase, A1 mating type, and a previously unreported nuclear DNA fingerprint. The remaining isolates belonged to the US-1 clonal lineage, which has a worldwide distribution. Isolates in the 1993 sample were analyzed for virulence and metalaxyl sensitivity. All representatives of EC-1 had complex patho-types, with three pathotypes representing >60% of the collection. There was variation for metalaxyl sensitivity. There was no evidence for geographical substructuring on the basis of neutral markers, but there was evidence for limited substructuring based on metalaxyl sensitivity and specific virulence. We hypothesize that EC-1 has been recently introduced to Ecuador.

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