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Phytopathology. 1999 Feb;89(2):131-5. doi: 10.1094/PHYTO.1999.89.2.131.

Relationship Between Phyllosphere Population Sizes of Xanthomonas translucens pv. translucens and Bacterial Leaf Streak Severity on Wheat Seedlings.


The relationship between leaf-associated population sizes of Xanthomonas translucens pv. translucens on asymptomatic leaves and subsequent bacterial leaf streak (BLS) severity was investigated. In three experiments, X. translucens pv. translucens was spray-inoculated onto 10-day-old wheat seedlings over a range of inoculum densities (10(4), 10(5), 10(6), 10(7), and 10(8) CFU/ml). Lesions developed most rapidly on plants inoculated with higher densities of X. translucens pv. translucens. Leaf-associated pathogen population sizes recovered 48 h after inoculation were highly predictive of BLS severity 7 days after inoculation (R(2) = 0.970, P < 0.0001). The relationship between pathogen population size on leaves and subsequent BLS severity was best described by the logistic model. Leaf-associated X. translucens pv. translucens population size and BLS severity from a particular pathogen inoculum density often varied among experiments; however, the disease severity level caused by a particular leaf-associated X. translucens pv. translucens population size was not significantly different among experiments. Biological and disease control implications of the X. translucens pv. translucens population size-BLS severity relationship are discussed.

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