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Phytopathology. 2000 Jun;90(6):595-600. doi: 10.1094/PHYTO.2000.90.6.595.

(+)-catechin acts as an infection-inhibiting factor in strawberry leaf.


ABSTRACT An infection-inhibiting factor (IIF) was isolated from strawberry leaves and identified as (+)-catechin. This compound inhibited the formation of infection hyphae from appressoria of Alternaria alternata, but allowed both spore germination and appressorial formation. It is a normal component of strawberry leaves, but further accumulates as the major IIF in response to inoculation with nonpathogenic spores of A. alternata. The accumulation of (+)-catechin on a susceptible host was not induced, however, by inoculation with pathogenic spores of the strawberry pathotype or by inoculation with nonpathogenic spores supplemented with host-specific toxin (AF-toxin I). These results imply that (+)-catechin acts as a protective agent during induced resistance and that AF-toxin I acts as a fungal suppressor of induced resistance.

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