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Phytopathology. 2005 Feb;95(2):178-85. doi: 10.1094/PHYTO-95-0178.

Green manures and crop sequences influence potato diseases and pathogen inhibitory activity of indigenous streptomycetes.


ABSTRACT A 2-year field trial was conducted to determine the effects of green manures and crop sequences on potato scab and Verticillium wilt. In addition, indigenous streptomycete densities and in vitro pathogen inhibitory activity were measured and their relationships to plant disease were determined. Green manures (buckwheat, canola, or fallow controls) were tested in conjunction with three crop sequences (alfalfa-potato, cornpotato, and potato-potato). Compared with fallow controls, tubers grown in buckwheat-treated soil had significantly lower Verticillium wilt ratings, and tubers grown in buckwheat- or canola-treated soil had greater yields. Potatoes grown in soil planted to corn or alfalfa the previous year had significantly lower Verticillium wilt and potato scab ratings as well as higher yields than potatoes grown in soil previously planted to potato. Streptomycetes from soils collected from green manure-treated plots tended to have greater in vitro pathogen inhibitory activity than streptomycetes from fallow-treated plots. Furthermore, streptomycete pathogen inhibitory activity was frequently negatively correlated with plant disease and positively correlated with potato yield. These results indicate that green manure treatments may contribute to active management of the pathogen inhibitory activity of the streptomycete community to achieve plant disease control.

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