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Indian Heart J. 1991 Jan-Feb;43(1):25-9.

Profile of coronary artery disease in Indian women: correlation of clinical, non invasive and coronary angiographic findings.

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Cardiothoracic Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi.


Clinical and risk factor profile of 101 consecutive female patients subjected to coronary angiography was analysed. Coronary angiography showed single vessel disease (SVD) in 15.8 per cent, double vessel disease (DVD) in 12.9 per cent, triple vessel disease (TVD) in 39.6 per cent and normal coronary arteries (NC) in 30.7 per cent. Risk factor profile in patients with angiographic coronary artery disease (group II) included hypertension (HT) in 52.9 per cent, diabetes mellitus (DM) in 44.3 per cent, post menopausal state in 84.3 per cent, positive family history in 51.4 per cent, obesity in 58.3 per cent, low density and high density lipoprotein ratio (LDL/HDL) more than 3.0 in 58 per cent and smoking in 4.3 per cent. Risk factors in 31 patients with NC (group I) included HT in 29 per cent, DM in 6.5 per cent, positive family history in 45.2 per cent, obesity in 45.2 per cent, post menopausal state in 48.4 per cent, LDL/HDL ratio more than 3.0 in 30 per cent and smoking in none. The clinical presentation in group II was unstable angina in 64.3 per cent, stable angina pectoris in 24.3 per cent, myocardial infarction in 4.3 per cent and atypical chest pain in 2.8 per cent. In group I half the patients presented with atypical chest pain. The other modes of presentation included unstable angina 25.8 per cent, stable angina pectoris in 16.2 per cent and myocardial infarction in 6.5 per cent. Predictive value of exercise electrocardiography (Ex ECG) or exercise radionuclide studies (Ex RNU) was 61.7 and 68.4 per cent respectively. DM, post-menopausal state and LDL/HDL ratio more than 3 were significant risk factors in women.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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