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Vasc Med. 2008 Nov;13(4):275-9. doi: 10.1177/1358863X08094767.

Rectus sheath hematoma.

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  • 1Section of Vascular Medicine, Department of Cardiology Ochsner Clinic Foundation, New Orleans, LA 70121, USA.


Rectus sheath hematoma (RSH) is a known complication of anticoagulation therapy and a source of potential morbidity and mortality. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment may help to prevent complications including hemodynamic instability, the abdominal compartment syndrome or multiorgan dysfunction. Although the diagnosis can be made clinically, it can be confirmed with computed tomography of the abdomen. Most patients can be managed conservatively; however, it is often necessary to suspend anticoagulation in the acute setting. Rectus sheath hematoma is not a contraindication to resuming anticoagulation once the hematoma has been adequately managed and the patient has returned to a stable clinical baseline.

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