Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Chem Biol. 2008 Oct 20;15(10):1015-22. doi: 10.1016/j.chembiol.2008.09.007.

Small molecule recognition of c-Src via the Imatinib-binding conformation.

Author information

1
Department of Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Genentech Hall, 600 16(th) Street, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA.

Abstract

The cancer drug, Imatinib, is a selective Abl kinase inhibitor that does not inhibit the closely related kinase c-Src. This one drug and its ability to selectively inhibit Abl over c-Src has been a guiding principle in virtually all kinase drug discovery efforts in the last 15 years. A prominent hypothesis explaining the selectivity of Imatinib is that Abl has an intrinsic ability to adopt an inactive conformation (termed DFG-out), whereas c-Src appears to pay a high intrinsic energetic penalty for adopting this conformation, effectively excluding Imatinib from its ATP pocket. This explanation of the difference in binding affinity of Imatinib for Abl versus c-Src makes the striking prediction that it would not be possible to design an inhibitor that binds to the DFG-out conformation of c-Src with high affinity. We report the discovery of a series of such inhibitors. We use structure-activity relationships and X-ray crystallography to confirm our findings. These studies suggest that small molecules are capable of inducing the generally unfavorable DFG-out conformation in c-Src. Structural comparison between c-Src in complex with these inhibitors allows us to speculate on the differential selectivity of Imatinib for c-Src and Abl.

PMID:
18940662
PMCID:
PMC2702663
DOI:
10.1016/j.chembiol.2008.09.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center