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Structure. 2008 Oct 8;16(10):1532-43. doi: 10.1016/j.str.2008.07.009.

Recognition of the activated states of Galpha13 by the rgRGS domain of PDZRhoGEF.

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Department of Pharmacology, The University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75390, USA.


G12 class heterotrimeric G proteins stimulate RhoA activation by RGS-RhoGEFs. However, p115RhoGEF is a GTPase Activating Protein (GAP) toward Galpha13, whereas PDZRhoGEF is not. We have characterized the interaction between the PDZRhoGEF rgRGS domain (PRG-rgRGS) and the alpha subunit of G13 and have determined crystal structures of their complexes in both the inactive state bound to GDP and the active states bound to GDP*AlF (transition state) and GTPgammaS (Michaelis complex). PRG-rgRGS interacts extensively with the helical domain and the effector-binding sites on Galpha13 through contacts that are largely conserved in all three nucleotide-bound states, although PRG-rgRGS has highest affinity to the Michaelis complex. An acidic motif in the N terminus of PRG-rgRGS occupies the GAP binding site of Galpha13 and is flexible in the GDP*AlF complex but well ordered in the GTPgammaS complex. Replacement of key residues in this motif with their counterparts in p115RhoGEF confers GAP activity.

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