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Vet Med Nauki. 1975;12(5):37-44.

[Study of the amniotic fluid of sheep in the normal course of pregnancy and in abortion].

[Article in Bulgarian]


Cytologic, biochemical and immunoelectrophoretic studies were carried out of amniotic fluids in 100 ewes with normal pregnancy and 40 ewes that had miscarried. Each month of pregnancy a total of 20 and 8 animals of the two groups, respectively were studied. It was found that the biochemical and metabolic processes taking place in the fetus lead to changes in the amniotic fluids altering the pH value, the alkali reserve, the content of potassium, calcium, phosphorus, alkaline phosphatase as well as their bactericidal activity. More characteristic changes linked with pregnancy were observed in the cell composition of the amniotic fluids. With advancing in age the increase in cell count was accompanied (staining with Nile blue sulfate) with a rise of the "orange cell" content. The amniotic fluids of ewes with normal pregnancy were found to contain proteins which precipitated with hyper immune sera against blood serum and kidney, heart, and placenta proteins. In ewes that had miscarried the pH values of the amniotic fluids dropped in the months when abortions took place: 7.36, 7.11, 6.90, 6.80 and 6.90, as against 7.41, 7.36, 7.28, 7.17 and 7.18, respectively. Along with pH the alkali reserve also dropped to 37.9 in the first month and 14.20 in the fifth month. In ewes that had miscarried in the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th month these values were 18.90, 14.90, and 13.80 cu. cm, respectively. In cases of abortions the protein composition of the amniotic fluids showed higher levels of the alfa and beta globulins.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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