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J Food Prot. 2008 Oct;71(10):2007-13.

Inactivation kinetics of three Listeria monocytogenes strains under high hydrostatic pressure.

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Top Institute for Food and Nutrition, P.O. Box 557, 6700 AN Wageningen, The Netherlands.


High hydrostatic pressure (HHP) inactivation of three Listeria monocytogenes strains (EGDe, LO28, and Scott A) subjected to 350 MPa at 20 degrees C in ACES buffer resulted in survival curves with significant tailing for all three strains. A biphasic linear model could be fitted to the inactivation data, indicating the presence of an HHP-sensitive and an HHP-resistant fraction, which both showed inactivation according to first-order kinetics. Inactivation parameters of these subpopulations of the three strains were quantified in detail. EGDe showed the highest D-values for the sensitive and resistant fraction, whereas LO28 and Scott A showed lower HHP resistance for both fractions. Survivors isolated from the tail of LO28 and EGDe were analyzed, and it was revealed that the higher resistance of LO28 was a stable feature for 24% (24 of 102) of the resistant fraction. These HHP-resistant variants were 10 to 600,000 times more resistant than wild type when exposed to 350 MPa at 20 degrees C for 20 min. Contrary to these results, no stable HHP-resistant isolates were found for EGDe (0 of 102). The possible effect of HHP survival capacity of stress-resistant genotypic and phenotypic variants of L. monocytogenes on the safety of HHP-processed foods is discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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