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Bioorg Med Chem. 2008 Nov 15;16(22):9780-9. doi: 10.1016/j.bmc.2008.09.067. Epub 2008 Sep 30.

1,3-Dialkyl-8-(hetero)aryl-9-OH-9-deazaxanthines as potent A2B adenosine receptor antagonists: design, synthesis, structure-affinity and structure-selectivity relationships.

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Dipartimento Farmaco-chimico, Università degli Studi di Bari, via Orabona 4, I-70125 Bari, Italy.


A number of 1,3-dialkyl-8-(hetero)aryl-9-OH-9-deazaxanthines were prepared and evaluated as ligands of recombinant human adenosine receptors (hARs). Several 1,3-dipropyl derivatives endowed with nanomolar binding affinity at hA(2B) receptors, but poor selectivity over hA(2A), hA(1) and hA(3) AR subtypes were identified. A comparison with the corresponding 7-OH- and 7,9-unsubstituted-deazaxanthines revealed that 9-OH-9-deazaxanthines are more potent hA(2B) ligands with lower partition coefficients and higher water solubility compared to the other two congeneric classes of deazaxanthines. An optimization of the para-substituent of the 8-phenyl ring of 9-OH-9-deazaxanthines led to the discovery of compound 38, which exhibited outstanding hA(2B) affinity (Ki=1.0 nM), good selectivity over hA(2A), hA(1) and hA(3) (selectivity indices=100, 79 and 1290, respectively) and excellent antagonist potency in a functional assay on rat A(2B) (pA(2B)=9.33).

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