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Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 2009 Mar;65(3):239-47. doi: 10.1007/s00228-008-0577-4. Epub 2008 Oct 21.

Effect of genetic polymorphisms of CYP3A5 and MDR1 on cyclosporine concentration during the early stage after renal transplantation in Chinese patients co-treated with diltiazem.

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Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China.



The aim of this study was to assess the influence of the cytochrome (CYP450)3A5 and multidrug resistance (MDR1) gene polymorphisms on cyclosporine A (CsA) trough concentration during the early stage after renal transplantation in Chinese patients co-treated with diltiazem.


CYP3A5*3 (A6986G) and MDR1 C1236T, G2677T/A and C3435T polymorphisms were determined by PCR followed by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis. A total of 112 Chinese renal transplant patients were enrolled in the study. The whole blood trough concentration was measured at 7 days after transplantation, and the dose-adjusted trough levels were compared among the different genotypes.


The dose-adjusted trough levels of CsA were significantly higher in MDR1 2677TT carriers than in GG plus GT carriers (59.5 +/- 15.9 vs. 34.5 +/- 9.4 vs. 43.2 +/- 13.6 ng/mL per mg per kg; P < 0.0001). In patients who were co-treated with diltiazem, compared with carriers of haplotype T-T-C, the carriers of haplotype C-G-C and haplotype T-G-T had significantly lower dose-adjusted trough blood concentrations of CsA than the non-carrier group (P = 0.002, P = 0.000 and P = 0.000, respectively). However, no evidence was found that there was a relationship between the CYP3A5*3, MDR1 C1236T and MDR1 C3435T polymorphisms and CsA dose-adjusted trough concentrations.


This study demonstrated that the G2677T/A single nucleotide polymorphisms in MDR1 and MDR1 haplotypes C-G-C, T-G-T and T-T-C are associated with the CsA concentration during the very early post-transplant period in Chinese renal transplant patients co-treated with diltiazem. These polymorphisms may be useful for determining the appropriate initial dose of CsA after renal transplantation.

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