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Bone Marrow Transplant. 2009 Mar;43(6):461-8. doi: 10.1038/bmt.2008.338. Epub 2008 Oct 20.

Health-related quality of life in adult survivors after paediatric allo-SCT.

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Department of Paediatrics, CLINTEC, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.


Fifty-three adults who had received SCT as children responded to questionnaires on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) (Swedish HRQoL survey (SWED-QUAL)), sense of coherence (SOC), anxiety and depression (HAD) and a health and symptom inventory. Late effects were classified following the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v. 3.0. HRQoL was below norm in 9 of 13 SWED-QUAL domains. Poorest domains (P<0.001) were satisfaction with physical health, general health, partner relations and sexual function, whereas emotional wellbeing and satisfaction with family life were on par with the norm. Older age, time elapsed post-SCT and fewer self-reported symptoms correlated with better HRQoL. Unfavourable late effect scores had no or limited impact, whereas age at SCT or TBI did not adversely affect HRQoL. Most subjects were well subjectively and objectively, whereas 24% had more complicated late effects. The median Karnofsky score was 90, 13% of subjects having scores below 80. In total, 53% reported pain, whereas 42.5% had memory and concentration problems. Anxiety and/or depression, reported by 35%, were associated with lower HRQoL and SOC ratings. Overall, 55% reported infertility and expressed difficulty with this. To conclude, childhood SCT did not negatively affect overall health for most of these adult long-term survivors, although poorer HRQoL with psychological and cognitive problems are common.

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