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Mod Pathol. 2009 Feb;22(2):239-45. doi: 10.1038/modpathol.2008.169. Epub 2008 Oct 17.

Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia with nesidioblastosis: histologic features and growth factor expression.

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Division of Anatomic Pathology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55901, USA.


Hypoglycemia secondary to nesidioblastosis is rare in adults, and the pathogenesis of this condition is unknown. To determine factors leading to nesidioblastosis in adults, we analyzed 36 cases of nesidioblastosis including 27 cases of postgastric bypass nesidioblastosis and 9 cases of idiopathic nesidioblastosis in adults by immunohistochemistry using antibodies to insulin-like growth factor 1, insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2), insulin-like growth factor one receptor-alpha epidermal growth factor receptor, transforming growth factor-beta1 and 2, and transforming growth factor-beta receptor type 3. Fifty-two surgically excised pancreatic specimens from patients with benign exocrine tumors and no evidence of hypoglycemia were used as controls. There was increased IGF2, insulin-like growth factor receptor 1 receptor-alpha and transforming growth factor-beta receptor 3 expression in islets from nesidioblastosis patients compared to controls. Peliosis-type vascular ectasia was more common in nesidioblastosis patients compared to controls. These findings suggest that increased production of growth factors and growth factor receptors may contribute to the development of nesidioblastosis in adults.

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