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Vaccine. 2008 Dec 9;26(52):6859-63. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2008.09.076. Epub 2008 Oct 16.

Effective and safe immunizations with live-attenuated vaccines for children after living donor liver transplantation.

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Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Keio University, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 160-8582, Japan.


Immunizations using live-attenuated vaccines are not recommended for post-liver transplant children due to its theoretical risks. However, they will encounter vaccine-preventable viral diseases upon returning to real-life situations. We performed a total of 70 immunizations with four individual live-attenuated vaccines to 18 pediatric post-living donor liver transplant (LDLT) recipients who fulfilled a clinical criteria including humoral and cell-mediated immunity. The seroconversion rates at the first dose for measles (strain AIK-C), rubella (strain TO-336), varicella (strain Oka), and mumps (strains Hoshino) were 100% (15/15), 100% (15/15), 82% (9/11), and 82% (9/11), respectively. During observed period (-5 years 11 months), a few cases with waning immunity (antibodies were once produced but the levels fell over time) were seen except after rubella immunization. Clinical diseases after seroconversion or definite serious adverse effects due to immunization were not observed. Immunizations using selected live-attenuated vaccines were safe and effective for post-LDLT children who were not severely immunosuppressed.

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