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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1991 Aug 20;1085(1):45-52.

Stereospecificity of the hydroxyeicosatetraenoic and hydroxyoctadecadienoic acids produced by cultured bovine endothelial cells.

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Department of Medicine, State University of New York, Buffalo.


Characterization of the stereospecificity of the derivatives of arachidonic acid and linoleic acid produced by endothelial cells is needed to define the enzymatic origin of these compounds and their role in vascular physiology. In studies utilizing two bovine endothelial cell lines (CPAE and AG04762), both free 15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15-HETE) and 11-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (11-HETE) were generated during incubations with exogenous arachidonic acid and both free 9-hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid (9-HODE) and 13-hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid (13-HODE) were generated during incubations with exogenous linoleic acid. Esterification of 15-HETE, 9-HODE and 13-HODE during these incubations was demonstrated. The analyses included reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography of the free acid and its methyl ester and chiral separation of the methyl ester on straight phase chiral columns. The ratio of 9-HODE/13-HODE averaged 2.7 in the chromatographic analyses of the extracts of the incubations with linoleic acid. The combined production of 13-HODE and 9-HODE from linoleic acid was four times greater than that of 15-HETE and 11-HETE from arachidonic acid. With regard to the products of the CPAE endothelial cell line, the S/R ratio of the stereoisomers averaged 1.5 for free 15-HETE, 5.7 for free 13-HODE and 0.2 for free 9-HODE. The 11-HETE had strict (R) stereospecificity. The products from the AG04762 endothelial cell line had similar stereochemistry. All these stereochemical findings point to the activity of a cyclooxygenase rather than that of a lipoxygenase.

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